Perennial, biennial in culture, herbaceous plant with branched stem height of 1-2 m. in the wild fennel grows on the shores of the Mediterranean sea. Widely cultivated. In fruits of fennel contain 4-6 % of essential oil containing anethole, anisic aldehyde, Fanchon and other compounds.
This is Interesting:
References to fennel fruits are found in the writings of Dioscorides, Pliny, Galen.
How is it Used in Medicine:
In medical practice, fennel ordinary is used to improve digestion, as a carminative for stomach and intestinal spasms, dyspepsia, as well as to enhance lactation and as an expectorant for diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Fennel fruits are part of the thoracic, choleretic, carminative and sedative fees.